Mouse Movements of Motion-Impaired Users: A Submovement Analysis

1) Faustina Hwang, 2) Simeon Keates, 1) Patrick Langdon and John Clarkson


1) University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
2) IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Hawthorne, New York, USA


Understanding human movement is key to improving input devices and interaction techniques. This paper presents a study of mouse movements of motion-impaired users, with an aim to gaining a better understanding of impaired movement. The cursor trajectories of six motion-impaired users and three able-bodied users are studied according to their submovement structure. Several aspects of the movement are studied, including the frequency and duration of pauses between submovements, verification times, the number of submovements, the peak speed of submovements and the accuracy of submovements in two-dimensions. Results include findings that some motion-impaired users pause more often and for longer than able-bodied users, require up to five times more submovements to complete the same task, and exhibit a correlation between error and peak submovement speed that does not exist for able-bodied users.

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